For Marx, the continuous battle between forces opposed within the production ways leads inevitably to revolutionary changes, and in the long run to the Comunism, that would be the final recreation of a literally prehistoric state. As much Hegel as Marx is teleological in their conception of history: both think that history progressive and is directed to a particular aim. The history of production means, therefore, is the structure of history, and any other thing, including the ideological discussion on same history, constitutes the superstructure. A classic example of the history written by the winners is the information that has arrived to us from the Carthaginians. The Roman historians attribute to their secular enemies cruelties without story, including human sacrifices, that we cannot contrast with the other version of history.
Of similar way, we only have Christian version of how the Christianity got to be the dominant religion of Europe, but not it pagan version. We have the European version of the conquest of America, but not the one of the native ones. Herdoto counts the Greek version of the medical wars, but the Persian has not arrived until us. A possible against-example is the War of Secession, of which the sudistas losers have published more information than the winners, until dominating the national perception of history (allied generals Lee and Jackson are had by superiors their adversaries, and films like Which the wind took or the birth of a nation have determined and sentimentally the point of view of the South visual to the imaginary group).. For even more details, read what Michael Antonov says on the issue.