Part of the Cossacks, of course, maintain data views. An anonymous letter writer to the newspaper "Russian Invalid" expressed similar opinions, pointing out that '… the enemy has disappeared, and at the same time and the conditions of Cossack life that made him a tireless fighter and watchful. " Now the neighborhood with people from other cities, working peacefully, calls upon the Cossacks over to arable farming than to martial valor (12). The origin of the Russian Cossacks stood in the active incorporation of Cossack elders in the body of nobility of the Empire. Naturally, the cops and intellectuals could not accept the judgments of the classics of Russian historiography (VNTatischev, NM Karamzin, SM Soloviev, VO Klyuchevskii) about the origin of the runaway slaves of the Cossacks for the most part. Then began to develop myths about 'ancestors' of the Cossacks as a people. Aggravation of controversy occurred during the disturbances early XX century.
Developing revolution in any case would have led to the disappearance of the Cossack class, and hence the Cossack troops – the main organizational form of the existence of the Cossack population in prerevolutionary Russia. Therefore, the leaders Cossacks in order to preserve their privileges and interests obschekazachih conferences and community began to promote mythology, that the Cossacks – a people, not class, which could be destroyed. Part of the Cossack emigrants even hatched the idea of creating a state Kazakov (Kozak), based on the Don, Kuban, Terek, Astrakhan, Orenburg and Ural Cossack troops. And while these views are not entrenched in the majority of the Cossacks, but were distributed in the U.S., Canada (13). In modern conditions the dispute – 'class or a nation' – because of imperfect sources and above all a methodological framework, as well as for opportunistic reasons, played by scientists Cossacks leaders and politicians.